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Extracted from www.urdupoetry.com

Transliteration Scheme - Urdu in English script

 

Basic Rules

Successive vowel sounds are separated by an underscore ('_'). Example: ko_ii (someone)
Compound words are written with an underscore ('_') for clarity. Example: baa_izzat (with respect) and ham_safar
Where there is no possibility of confusion, the underscore may or may not be included for compound words. Example: besabab (without reason)
Two consonants will always be separated by a vowel sound. Example: magar (but), piichhe (behind), badan (body)
Some words have the two or more consonants merged together. In such cases, the consonants are written without a vowel sound separating them. Example: lamhaa (moment), rang (colour), patthar (stone), garm (hot)
Nasal sounds are represented by (.n) and (.N) without the parentheses. Example: kahaa.N (where), me.n (in), chaa.Nd (moon), nahii.n (no)

 

Transliteration Scheme

Letter

Urdu Word

a

kam (little)

aa

kaam (work)

i

kitanaa (how much)

ii

biimaar (ill)

u

Khudaa (God)

uu

uupar (top)

e

ek (one)

ai

kaise (how)

o

konaa (corner)

au

kaun (who)

.n

zamii.n (ground)

.N

kahaa.N (where)

R

paRhnaa (to read)

H

kHaanaa (food)

 

Letter

Urdu Word

b

baat (talk)

bh

bhaa_ii (brother)

ch

chaadar (sheet)

chh

chhat (roof)

d

daravaazaa (door)

dh

dhundh (fog)

D

Dar (fear)

Dh

Dhol (drum)

.D

pe.D (tree)

.Dh

pa.Dhaa_ii (study)

f

falak (sky)

g

galii (street)

gh

ghar (home)

G

Gam (sorrow)

h

haath (hand)

j

jab (when)

 

Letter

Urdu Word

k

kaan (ear)

kh

khel (game)

Kh

Khushii (happiness)

l

laal (red)

m

mausam (weather)

n

naam (name)

p

paas (near)

ph

phuul (flower)

q

qaatil (murderer)

r

raat (night)

s

sar (head)

t

taazaa (fresh)

th

thakaan (fatigue)

T

Topii (hat)

Th

Thokar (bump)

v

vaqt (time)

y

yaar (friend)

z

zahar (poison)

 

 

 

 


Copyright 2005 Mohammad Hanif